Columbia University is an American private Ivy League research university in New York City. It is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States. The university was founded in 1754 as King’s College by royal charter of George II of Great Britain.
Columbia annually administers the Pulitzer Prize and, as of 2011, was affiliated with more Nobel Prize laureates than any other academic institution in the world. The university is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities.
Notable alumni of the university include nine Justices of the United States Supreme Court; 20 living billionaires; 26 Academy Award winners; and 29 heads of state, including three United States Presidents.